The city of Mytilene, which is anointed on seven hills in the heart of the Aegean Sea, is the capital of the island of Lesvos, which is built over the ancient city. It is a modern city, whose emblem is the Castle, the largest in the Balkans (over 4,000 square meters), the Statue of Liberty in the harbor and the church of St. Therapontas. Since ancient times, Mytilene had many conflicts. This city was and is in a key position that connects with many different ways, Europe and Asia. Our city is known for the Bavaria, District and Neoclassical mansions. The Castle, the Ancient Theatre, the Yeni Mosque, several mansions and museums are also some that one must visit. Inhabited from the 10th century BC, the ancient island of Mytilene was a small island (where the castle is built) between the old port in the north and the new (current) to the south. The city is built on flat ground while the western part is built on a hill which ends at the Ancient Theatre and is a great way to explore the city on foot.
Mytilene is the seat of various public organizations such as the North Aegean Region and the Aegean University. The neoclassical mansions at the areas Kioski and Sourada certify the economic boom during the 19th and 20th century. The visitor should visit the churches of the city: the Cathedral of St. Athanasius, the church of St. Therapontas, which is built on the ruins of Ancient Asklepios, the imposing medieval castle, where summer festival takes place with many interesting events of worldwide, the two museums where you can see exhibits on the daily lives of ancient Mytilene from the 7th century BC to Roman times, the Museum of Theophilos Hadjimichael (the most important artist of Greek folk art painting in the 20th century) and the Museum of Contemporary Art Eleftheriades-Teriade, where you can see paintings and drawings of many major artists such as Manet, Miro, Picasso, Dali and others.
Downtown you will find Ermou Street, the main market of Mytilini, with many shops and the waterfront, N. Kountourioti Street, with its neoclassical buildings, several restaurants, cafes and bars.
As for the beaches in town, you will find the beach of EOT in Tsamakia. Beautiful beaches you will find at Vigla, Neapoli and Kratigos on the way to the city's airport, where swim many of locals and tourists. Also, near are the beaches of St. Hermogenes and Charamida. In the villages, near Mytilene, Agia Marina, Taxiarches, Varia, Panagiouda you will find traditional taverns with local delicacies.
The city's population is around 30,000 inhabitants, where the largest proportion, resides mainly in the south of the city, which is the more modern side. Visitors can reach the city either by ship or air. The harbor, which is one of the largest ports in the country, has daily routes to and from Piraeus, Chios, Limnos, Kavala, Thessaloniki and Samos. There are also daily routs to and from Ayvalik and Dikeli, Turkey. Mytilene has one of the most modern airports in Greece, the International Airport "Odysseas Elytis", where there are direct flights daily to and from Athens, Thessaloniki and less frequently to and from Rhodes, Kos and Kalymnos. During the summer season, there are many charter flights to and from various European cities.